Bihar, formerly known as Magadha, lies mid-way between West Bengal in the east and Uttar Pradesh in the west and has Patna as its capital. It is a land of great mythological and historical importance with great contributions in the field of religion / spiritualism and governance.

Bihar has been the cradle of ancient Indian history. The first major empire, the Magadh Empire, rose on the soil of Bihar. It is the land where Buddhism was born and Lord Mahavira preached his philosophy among the masses. One of the most important religious places in India, Bodh gaya, is located in here. It is the place where lord Buddha delivered his first sermon. It also has the credit of having one of the largest universities of its time: Nalanda University.

Today, Bihar is an important destination on the Budhhism pilgrimage circuit.