Gujarat, one of the most industrialized states in India, is situated on the west coast (most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula) and is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh on the west. Its capital is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. It came into existence as a separate State on 1st May 1960.

It can be divided into three geographical regions: the eastern region that has the major cities of Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodra; the Saurashtra region between the Gulf of Cambay and the Gulf of Kutch; the northern region of Kutch which is a salty desert.

Gujarat is currently on a speed path of development and is classified amongst the most developed states of India. It is particularly famous for textile and petrochemical industries.

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