Delhi is one of the most important cities of India, as it is the National Capital Territory, which is also the location of the major administrative and legal offices of the country.
The city is situated on the banks of river Yamuna, and is the geographical location for many important and popular historical monuments like Humayun's Tomb, Jama Masjid, Lotus Temple.
Some of the popular places are:
Chandni Chowk is considered as one of the oldest and busiest markets in North Delhi. It is situated in the Shahjahanabad area between Red Fort and Fatehpuri Masjid. On both sides of the wide Chandni Chowk streets are historical residential areas flanked by narrow lanes (galis).
Hindu mythology suggests Delhi, earlier known as "Hastinapur", to have been the site of Indraprastha, the legendary capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata.
It has a long historical past dating back to settlements grew from the time of the Mauryan Empire including a history as the capital of several empires. It encompasses various kings and emperors who fixed their royal citadels here - Indraprastha, Lal Kot, Quila Rai Pithora, Siri, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad, Ferozabad, Dinpanah, Delhi Sher Shahi or then Shahjahanabad.
Since 12th century, Delhi has seen the rise and fall of seven major powers. The Chauhans took control in the 12th century and made Delhi the most important Hindu centre in northern India followed by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, who brought in over 6 centuries of Muslim rule. The Delhi Sultanate lasted from 1206 to 1526, and was followed by the mighty Mughals from 1526 to 1857 and it was from here that the Mughals spread their roots. It is believed that the Mughal Empire had immense influence on the all-round socio-economic development of the city. In 1857, the British captured Delhi and installed a British administrator and it was an important commercial centre. George V announced in 1911 that the capital of British controlled parts of India would move back to Delhi. A new capital city, New Delhi, was built to the south of the old city during the 1920s. After independence from British rule in 1947, New Delhi was declared its capital and seat of government.
Thus, the city is divided into 2 parts: Old Delhi and New Delhi. Old Delhi was the capital of Muslim India in the 12th to 19th century. New Delhi on the other hand was created as an imperial city by the British.
By Air: Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport is connected to all the important cities of the world with almost all the major international airlines operating out of here. Palam Domestic Airport connects Delhi to the major cities in India. S
By Rail: There are three important Railway Stations in Delhi namely New Delhi Railway Station, Old Delhi Railway Station and Hazarat Nizamuddin Railway Station. Luxury trains like the Palace-on-Wheels, Fairy Queen, and Royal Orient Express can be taken from New Delhi Cantonment railway station.
By Road: Delhi is well connected by road to all major destinations in North India. The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT) are located at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan and Anand Vihar.