Rajasthan, literally means a Land of Kingdoms, is located in the northwest of India and is the largest state of India was formed on 30 March 1949 with Jaipur as the state capital. It is bordered by Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north.
Geographically, the great Thar Desert is replete with arid plains and shifting sand dunes while the rugged Aravallis form the backbone of Rajasthan.
Rajasthan is famous for its majestic forts, intricately carved temples, and decorated havelis, which were built by Rajput kings in pre-Muslim era. It is often called a shopper's paradise and is famous for textiles, semi-precious stones and handicrafts.