Gumla is one of the twenty-four districts of the state of Jharkhand and is located on the southern part of Chota Nagpur plateau. It is spread over an area of 5,327 square km. The administrative headquarters of this district is the Gumla town, which is located 137 km south-west of state capital, Ranchi. Covered by hills, dense forests and river streams, the region has ample mineral resources. Three major rivers namely, South Koel, North Koel and Sankh, flow through Gumla District.
According to mythology, Gumla is believed to be the birthplace of the Hindu god, Hanuman. As a consecration, a temple of the deity and his mother is built in Gumla. The history of Gumla dates back to the medieval era, when the region was ruled by the kings of Naga dynasty. The entire Gumla circle was once ruled by Baraik Devenandan Singh.
This destination was a part of Lohardaga District during the rule of the British regime, which was made a part of Bishunpur in 1843. Gumla became a sub-division under Ranchi District in 1902 and was carved out from Ranchi District on 18th May 1984.
Gumla is famous for an annual regional fair known as Gau-Mela, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm featuring dances and festivals. The name of the destination originated from the name of this annual fair.
Anjan, Hapamuni and Tanginath are some of the popular tourist attractions in and around the destination. Baghmunda is one of the renowned sites, which is famous for religious stone idols including Ajanta caves stone idols. The adjacent areas such as Netarhat, Chhota Nagpur Ki Raani and several hamlets provide a glimpse of tribal culture.
Travelling to Gumla is not a hassle as the district is well connected with air, rail and road transport. Gumla is served by the airport of Ranchi, which is connected with various destinations. It is situated at a distance of around 95 km from Gumla. Travellers can also reach the destination through trains served by Lohardaga railway station. Besides flights, trains and buses are also available to Gumla.
Gumla experiences sub-tropical weather conditions, with pleasing winters. Owing to the favourable climate, the months from October to March are ideal to visit the destination.