Uttrakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India, formed on November 9th, 2000 (formerly a part of Uttar Pradesh). The state borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north, Nepal on the east and Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the north west. It is often referred to as the "Land of Gods" due to the many holy Hindu temples and cities found throughout the state. Dehradun is the capital of the state.
Geographically, the state lies on the southern slope of the Himalaya range and most of the northern parts of the state are part of Greater Himalaya ranges, covered by the high Himalayan peaks and glaciers.